Główna treść artykułu


Society has been continuously changing and developing in various fields, the role and position of women have been increasingly altering and becoming important in society and in family. Korea and Vietnam have the same basic background in terms of Eastern culture and social context. These have strongly influenced gender conception and position. This article analyses the position and role of women in the two countries in the past and present. In order to conduct this research, we applied comparative cultural studies specifically, Affectual/ Consequential comparison, Parallel comparison, Synchronic and Diachronic comparison, Cross-cultural comparison and feminism perspective to highlight the similarities and differences in their position. The findings of the research disclose lots of similarities on the position of women in traditional and modern society as well as reveals no less differences in the assessment of women’s contributions to building and protecting the country, taking care of family and rearing children. Thus, the article will help the audience have a better understanding and knowledge of gender culture in the two countries.

Słowa kluczowe

female position female role Korean women Vietnamese women .

Szczegóły artykułu

Jak cytować
Nguyen Thi Thu, T., & Le Thi Thanh, T. (2022). The female position and role in Korea and Vietnam (An initial comparison). Dyskursy Młodych Andragogów/Adult Education Discourses, (23), 319-331. https://doi.org/10.34768/dma.vi23.633


  1. Barker, C. (2011) Cultural Studies: theories and practices. London: SAGE Publications.
  2. Cho, Y. (2018) Women Leaders in South Korea: Challenges and Opportunities [online]. Available at: https://www.eveprogramme.com/en/36448/women-leaders-in-south-korea-challenges-and-opportunities/ [12.04.2021].
  3. Gender Roles (2021) [online]. Available at: https://korea4expats.com/article-gender-roles.html [12.04.2021].
  4. Global data on National Parliaments (2021) Monthly ranking of women in national parliaments [online]. Available at: https://data.ipu.org/women-ranking?month=4&year=2021 [3.05.2021].
  5. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G.J., Minkov, M. (1991) Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. London: McGraw-Hill.
  6. Hong, A. (2021) Vietnamese women became the largest group of foreign brides in Korea, VN Express [online]. Available at: https://vnexpress.net/ [6.05.2021].
  7. Korean Overseas Information Service (2021) Women’s Role in Contemporary Korea. Center for global education [online]. Available at: https://asiasociety.org/education/womens-role-contemporary-korea [18.04.2021].
  8. Korean War Legacy Foundation (2021) The Role of Women in the Korean War [online]. Available at: https://koreanwarlegacy.org/chapters/the-role-of-women-in-the-korean-war/ [18.04.2021].
  9. Lewis, J.J. (2019) The Core Ideas and Beliefs of Feminism [online]. Available at: https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-feminism-3528958 [16.04.2021].
  10. Luong, T.T.T. (2016) Cultural features in Vietnam and Korea: Similarities & Differences. Vietnam: National Political Publishing House.
  11. Mai, D. (2018) The rate of female workers in Vietnam is among the highest in the world [online]. Available at: http://thoibaotaichinhvietnam.vn/pages/xa-hoi/2018-01-23 [30.05.2021].
  12. Maynes, K. (2012) Korean Perceptions of Chastity, Gender Roles, and Libido: From Kisaengs to the Twenty First Century. Grand Valley Journal of History [online], 1(2). Available at: https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/gvjh/vol1/iss1/2 [21.04.2021].
  13. Ortner, S.B. (1974) Is female to male as nature is to culture? In: M.Z. Rosaldo and L. Lamphere (eds.) Woman, culture, and society. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 68-87.
  14. Quynh, N.T. (2018) The female role in contemporary society [online]. Available at: https://hnmu.edu.vn/tin-tuc/vai-tro-cua-phu-nu-trong-xa-hoi-hien-nay.html [26.04.2021].
  15. Resos, A. (2014) The Empowerment of Women in South Korea. Journal of International Affairs [online]. Available at: https://jia.sipa.columbia.edu/online-articles/empowerment-women-south-korea/ [12.04.2021].
  16. Rosa, K. (1994) The Legacy of Institutionalized Gender Inequality in South Korea. The Family Law, 14 B.C. Third World L.J. 145 (1994) [online]. Available at: http://lawdigitalcommons.bc.edu/twlj/vol14/iss1/7 [26.04.2021].
  17. Sorenson, C.W. (2021) The Value and Meaning of the Korean Family. Center for global education [online]. Available at: https://asiasociety.org/education/value-and-meaning-korean-family [23.04.2021].
  18. Thuong, H. (2019) The role of women is increasingly affirmed [online]. Available at: https://congly.vn/vai-tro-cua-phu-nu-ngay-cang-duoc-khang-dinh-52086.html [20.05.2021].
  19. Tötösy de Zepetnek, S. (1999) From Comparative Literature Today Toward Comparative Cultural Studies. CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 1.3 [online], Available at: https://doi.org/10.7771/1481-4374.1041.
  20. Tötösy de Zepetnek, S. (2003) Comparative cultural studies and the study of central European culture [online]. Available at: http://www.kakanien-revisited.at/beitr/theorie/ Stotosy1.pdf [16.01.2020].
  21. Van, K., Dung N.A. (2010), Korea – country & people. Charlotte, NC: Age Publishing.
  22. Wozniak, E. (2011) The top 11 Deities in Korean mythology [online]. Available at: https://glitternight.com/2011/03/24/the-top-11-deities-in-korean-mythology [16.04.2021].